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Monday, May 4, 2020 | History

2 edition of Estimated safety belt use rates under primary and secondary enforcement statutes found in the catalog.

Estimated safety belt use rates under primary and secondary enforcement statutes

Charles B. Stoke

Estimated safety belt use rates under primary and secondary enforcement statutes

final report

by Charles B. Stoke

  • 44 Want to read
  • 39 Currently reading

Published by Virginia Transportation Research Council in Charlottesville, Va .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Virginia,
  • Virginia.
    • Subjects:
    • Automobiles -- Virginia -- Seat belts -- Statistics.,
    • Traffic safety -- Virginia.,
    • Automobiles -- Seat belts -- Law and legislation -- Virginia.

    • Edition Notes

      StatementCharles B. Stoke, Robert D. Vander Lugt.
      SeriesVTRC ;, 91 R-26, VTRC (Series) ;, 91-R26.
      ContributionsVander Lugt, Robert D.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsTL159.5 .S752 1991
      The Physical Object
      Paginationvi, 25 p. ;
      Number of Pages25
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL1670640M
      LC Control Number91623916

      the use of safety belts. New York was the first state to enact such a law. New York's law actually was passed before the ruling by the Secretary of Transportation. Two other states--Illinois and New Jersey--adopted mandatory safety belt use laws in Thirteen states and the DistrictFile Size: KB. A secondary goal was to assess the contribution of the administrative data set to the analysis of the primary safety belt law. The analysis used an interrupted time series design to evaluate the longitudinal effect of the primary safety belt law implementation in on safety belt infractions and convictions in Kentucky, –Cited by: 5.

      Do states upgrading to primary enforcement of safety belt laws experience increased daytime and nighttime belt use? As of 1 January , 26 states and the District of Columbia have enacted primary enforcement of their safety belt laws, which allows law enforcement to stop motorists and cite them solely when they observe a vehicle occupant who is not wearing a safety by: estimated low of % to a high of %. Primary seat belt laws have the highest effect on use rates, followed by reservations with secondary seat belt laws. Reservations that have chosen not to adopt a seat belt law have the lowest use rates. 2 Seat belts are one of the most effective safety .

      States with secondary enforcement laws average only 63 percent belt use. But states with primary (standard) enforcement seat belt laws average 78 percent belt use – 15 percentage points higher. Currently, only 13 states and the District of Columbia have primary seat belt enforcement laws. The Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Belt usage rate is %. Secondary Seat Belt Law In the State of Missouri. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration supports the enactment of primary seat belt laws. Primary (standard) enforcement allows a law enforcement officer to stop a vehicle and issue a citation when the officer observes.


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Estimated safety belt use rates under primary and secondary enforcement statutes by Charles B. Stoke Download PDF EPUB FB2

Research that has examined the association between mandatory belt use laws and use rates has concluded that these policies are effective at inducing motor vehicle occupants to wear safety belts, and primary enforcement statutes are more effective than secondary enforcement statutes at doing so – 13 Studies that have used econometric techniques, which permit control for other correlates of belt use, have estimated a 9 to 12 percentage point increase with secondary enforcement Cited by:   Primary enforcement [of seat] belt use laws permit seat belt use law violators to be stopped and cited independently of any other traffic behavior.

Secondary enforcement laws allow violators to be cited only after they first have been stopped for some other traffic violation. (UNC Highway Safety Research Center,p. ) History. It was concluded that either of two actions would result in a 6 to 8 percentage point Increase in the statewide belt use rate.

These two actions are (1) modify the current MUL to provide for primary enforcement, or (2) amend the current HUL to apply to both front and rear seat occupants. Either change would result in a rise to a rate of approximately 62% from the current rate of 54%.Author: Charles B Stoke, Vander Lugt, D Robert.

Motor Vehicle Injury – Safety Belts: Primary (vs. Secondary) Enforcement Laws Description of Resource: The Community Preventive Services Task Force recommends primary safety belt laws based on evidence of their superior effectiveness over secondary enforcement laws in reducing motor vehicle–related injuries and deaths.

Primary belt laws allow police officers to pull over and cite motorists simply for not using their safety belt. A secondary law only allows police officers to give a belt citation if the motorist is pulled over for another infraction. [2]. While a law is only as good as its enforcement we have consistently seen higher use rates in states with.

Primary versus Secondary Enforcement of Safety Belt Use Statewide mandatory safety belt use laws began to be enacted in the s at the urging of the federal government. While these laws were initially unpopular in many states, every state except New Hampshire has now passed a safety belt use law.

Two studies evaluated a change in law from secondary to primary enforcement; this was associated with an increase in belt use 6 months later of per observed drivers in Louisiana and 18 per drivers in by: Primary Enforcement Seat Belt Laws In21, occupants of passenger vehicles were killed in motor vehicle crashes.

Of those deaths, when restraint use was known, almost half (49%) were unrestrained at the time of the crash.1 Seat belt use, reinforced by effective safety belt laws, is File Size: KB.

Motor Vehicle-Related Injury Prevention: Use of Safety Belts, Primary (vs. Secondary) Enforcement Laws Task Force Finding Intervention Definition Primary enforcement safety belt laws allow a police officer to stop a vehicle solely for an observed belt law violation.

Task Force Finding (October )*. type of seat belt law enforcement (primary versus secondary), and (2) seat belt fine levels. The study examined law type and levels of fines as predictors of seat belt use for two time periods ( to and to ) using panel regression analyses.

Two outcome measures were examined: seat belt use. States with primary laws have significantly higher safety belt use rates and greater reductions in fatality and injury rates, as compared to states with secondary laws.

California's recent change from secondary to primary enforcement provides strong evidence of the benefits of enacting primary enforcement seat belt use. Safety belt use increased during the daytime period in all six intervention states subsequent to implementing primary enforcement based on a comparison of the crude pre and post percentages (), with a range from 4% to 16% rmore, with the exception of Maryland, nighttime safety belt use also increased after primary enforcement from 10% to 16% points across the six by:   Secondary enforcement, in contrast, only authorizes enforcement of safety belt laws in conjunction with another offense (i.e., drivers cannot be stopped if the only offense is not wearing a belt).

For example of primary enforcement safety belt laws, see GA Code Ann § (Georgia) and Fla Stat § (Flo rida). the rates of safety belt use and the factors influencing any differences found. Several factors relevant to safety belt use were identified.

Thirty-seven states and the District of Columbia have an MUL, and 9 provide for primary enforcement. It was found that belt use was generally greater in states with primary enforcement. Increasing the national seat belt use rate to 90 percent would prevent an estimated 5, fatalities,injuries, and save the nation $ billion annually.

Currently, every state but New Hampshire has seat belt legislation, but only 19 jurisdictions have primary seat belt laws. Primary enforcement legislation along with high-visibility enforcement is an effective population-based intervention Among all of the sociodemographic characteristics examined, safety belt use was higher in states with primary laws than in states with secondary laws.

Primary laws may have the greatest effect on the groups at greatest risk Cited by: Secondary safety belt laws require law enforcement to stop a violator for another traffic infraction before a safety belt citation may be issued.

Primary safety belt laws have been shown to decrease mortality by 8 percent and increase safety belt use by 14 percent compared with secondary law states. As of June34 states, the District of Columbia, American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands have primary safety belt laws for front seat occupants, and 15 states have secondary safety belt laws for front seat occupants.

Findings showed that insafety belt use was 86 percent in states and territories with primary enforcement laws and percent in states with secondary enforcement laws.

Researchers said primary enforcement laws are effective in increasing overall levels of safety belt use as well as reducing disparities in safety belt use, which may. cally call for primary enforcement. State seat belt use surveys, conducted in accordance with SectionTi of the U.S.

Code, show that the observed daytime rate of seat belt use is in general high-er in PE States as compared to the non-PE States.

Other studies have shown that the seat belt use rates. Primary Safety Belt Use Law Enforcement Ap states which change from secondary to primary enforcement belt use laws experience an almost immediate percentage point increase in belt use without the utilization of additional enforcement resources; and and other national and international safety groups in encouraging the.Higher Belt Use Rates in Primary Law States.

Seat belt usage rates in the nine primary law states averaged 12 percentage points higher than in the secondary law states (75 versus 63 percent) as of December Drivers in California increased their belt use from 70 percent in when they had a secondary enforcement law to 83 percent in late.

Previous research has suggested that primary-enforcement laws improve traffic safety more than secondary-enforcement laws. A study published in Accident Analysis & Prevention, for example, demonstrated a reduction in motor vehicle injuries after California upgraded its seat belt law from secondary enforcement to primary enforcement.